Home Home
Annotated Bibliography

Author(s):Orfield, G., and Lee, C
Title:New faces, old patterns: Segregation in the multiracial south
Organization:Harvard Civil Rights Project
Short Description:Since the l980s, the tremendous progress in school racial integration in the South has been slowly eroding year by year, as black students and the exploding population of Latino students become more isolated from white students.
Annotation:A third of a century ago the schools of the South became the most integrated in the nation, a stunning reversal of a long history of educational apartheid written into the state laws and constitutions of the eleven states of the Confederacy and six Border states. Since the l980s, the tremendous progress in the South has been slowly eroding year by year as black students and the exploding population of Latino students become more isolated from white students. In some of the states which were most successful in achieving integration, the reversal has been much more rapid.
Link: View Full Text

Print Bibliography: HyperLink 

Is this item's link broken? Report Broken Link

Associated Keywords:
Achievement Gap
African Americans
Low-Income Students
National Perspectives
School Segregation/Integration Data

Similar Items:
Racial transformation and the changing nature of segregation
Are teachers prepared for racially diverse schools? Teachers describe their preparation, resources, and practices for racially diverse schools
White students are racially isolated
Confronting the "new" American dilemma: Underrepresented minorities in engineering: A data-based look at diversity (Executive Summary)
Still looking to the future: Voluntary K-12 student integration: A manual for parents, educators, and advocates
Who graduates in California?
Avoidable Losses: High-Stakes Accountability and the Dropout Crisis
Beating the odds: An analysis of student performance and achievement gaps on state assessments: 2005-06 School year
Equality and education, A Century Foundation project
College enrollment gender gap widens for White and Hispanic students, but race and income disparities still most significant new ACE report finds
Yes we can: Telling truths and dispelling myths about race and education in America
Given half a chance: The Schott 50 state report on public education and black males
Wealth mobility and volatility in black and white
How well are states educating our neediest children?: The Fordham report 2006
Every child, every promise: Turning failure into action
Jonathan Kozol interview transcript: Source material for "Segregation and its Calamitous Effects, America's "Apartheid" Schools"
How does the United States stack up? International comparisons of academic achievement
The 4th annual AP report to the nation
Historic reversals, accelerating resegregation and the need for new integration strategies
The funding gap 2007
The funding gap (Spanish version)
Gap or gaps? Challenging the singular definition of the achievement gap
Characteristics of minority-serving institutions and minority undergraduates enrolled in these institutions
Mounting pressures facing the U.S. workforce and the increasing need for adult education and literacy
African American students and U.S. high schools
Georgia's HOPE scholarship and minority and low-income students: Program effects and proposed reforms
A new way on school integration
Why segregation matters: Poverty and educational inequality
Looking to the future: Volunatary K-12 school integration
Placing college graduation rates in context: How 4-Year college graduation rates vary with selectivity and the size of low-income enrollment
Increasing the achievement of Native American youth at early college high schools
States' progress toward high school restructuring
The status of African Americans in engineering: Confronting the "new" American dilemma
Second to none in attainment, discovery, and innovation: The national agenda for higher education
National Indian Education Study 2007 Part II: The educational experiences of American Indian and Alaska Native students in grades 4 and 8
Race matters: Unequal opportunities in education
The Benwood plan: A lesson in comprehensive teacher reform
The Pangloss Index: How states game the No Child Left Behind Act
Advanced placement report to the nation: 2007
The future of public education in New Orleans
Rescuing Brown v. Board of Education: Profiles of twelve school districts pursuing socioeconomic school integration
Asian Pacific Islander American Students and U.S. high schools
A new majority: Low income students in the South's public schools
Ithaca College - Frederick Douglass Academy Partnership
Achievement gaps: An examination of differences in student achievement and growth
Closing educational achievement gaps for Latino/a students in Utah
Gender gap grows
High school guidance counselors: Facilitators or preemptors of social stratification in education
Who goes to preschool and why does it matter
Parent power and urban school reform: The story of Mothers on the Move
Our impoverished view of education reform
Income of U.S. workforce projected to decline if education doesn't improve
The funding gap 2004: Many states still shortchange low-income and minority students
African American achievement in America
Educational needs index
Primary progress, secondary challenge
Promise abandoned: How policy choices and institutional practices restrict college opportunity
Ensuring academic success for English learners
Who's left behind? Immigrant children in high and low LEP schools
Urban school reform: Achievement and school climate outcomes for the Knowledge is Power Program (KIPP)
Orange juice or orange drink? Ensuring that "advanced courses" live up to their labels
The unraveling of No Child Left Behind: How negotiated changes unravel the law
Effective preschool curricula and teaching strategies
Pre-K and Latinos: The foundation for America's future
The advanced placement expansion of the '90's: How did traditionally underserved students fare
National Urban League Scholarships
Access to success initiative
Transfer access to elite colleges and universities in the United States: Threading the needle of the American dream
A plan to improve the quality of teaching in American schools
No Child Left Behind: State report card 2005-2006
Education watch Alabama: Key education facts and figures 2006
Education watch Florida: Key education facts and figures 2004
Education watch Florida: Key education facts and figures 2006
Funding Gaps 2006
In need of improvement: NCLB & high schools
How outreach programs are implemented affects student achivement
Knocking at the college door: California state report
California: State accountability report card 2005-06
Teacher credentials and student achievement in high school: A cross-subject analysis with student fixed effects
The narrowing gap in New York City teacher qualifications and its implications for student achievement in high-poverty schools
Building a culture of evidence for community college student success: Early progress in the Achieving the Dream initiative
The costs and benefits of an excellent education for all of America's children
Their fair share: How Texas-sized gaps in teacher quality shortchange low-income and minority students
Consortium on Chicago school research at the University of Chicago
The status of Latinos/as in engineering: Confronting the "new" American dilemma
Second to none in attainment, discovery, and innovation: The national agenda for higher education
Supporting English language acquisition: Opportunities for foundations to strengthen the social and economic well-being of immigrant families
Modeling Hispanic-Serving Institutions (HSIs): Campus practices that work for Latino students
Indiana's adult education and workforce skills performance report: Preparing adults for a brighter future
The turnaround challenge: Why America's best opportunity to dramatically improve student achievement lies in our worst-performing schools
Choosing Hispanic Serving Institutions (HSIs): A closer look at Latino students college choices
Raising the Bar: Policy Recommendations for high school reform
Student African American Brotherhood
A report on the status of Hispanics in education: Overcoming a history of neglect
Opening the door to the American Dream: Increasing higher education access and success for immigrants
Alabama: Featured facts from the SREB Fact Book on higher education
The learning season: The untapped power of summer to advance student achievement
How far behind in math and reading are English Language Learners?
Opportunity in America: The role of education
Understanding Latino parental involvement in education: Perceptions, expectations, and recommendations
Transfer between community colleges and four-year colleges: The all-American game
Paying back, not giving back: Student debt's negative influence on public service career opportunities
Miles to go: Louisiana
The economic promise of investing in high-quality preschool: Using early education to improve economic growth and the fiscal sustainability of states and the nation
Childcare and early childhood education: More information sharing and program review by HHS could enhance access for families with limited English proficiency
Ladders of learning: Fighting fade-out by advancing pK-3 alignment
Tracking achievement gaps and assessing the impact of NCLB on the gaps
Promoting school readiness through universal preschool
Socioeconomic school integration, Race, class, and integration: Gaining new insights
The progress of education reform: Closing the achievement gap
Qualified teachers for at-risk schools: A national imperative
Understanding recent changes in child poverty
Improving academic achievement in urban districts: What state policymakers can do
Diversity, school, family, and community connections
Latino achievement in America
An overview of higher education in the United States: Diversity, access, and the role of the marketplace
Fifty years after Brown v. Board of Education: A two-tiered education system
How curriculum influences college persistence in Indiana and the nation
Educational attainment in the United States: 2003
Add it up: Using research to improve education for low-income and minority students
Closing the college participation gap: A national summary
Convergence: Trends threatening to narrow college opportunity in America
American student achievement institute
Improving urban student achievement through early childhood reform: What state policymakers can do
The (un)changing face of the Ivy League
Children at risk: Consequences for school readiness and beyond
Proven benefits of early childhood interventions
Enhancing high school reform: Lessons from site visits to four cities
Academic pathways to college: Policies and practices of the fifty states to reach underserved students
Beating the odds: A city-by-city analysis of student performance and achievement gaps on state assessments
Education watch online
Student debt and the class of 2005: Average debt by state, sector, and school
College scholarships for Latino students: Are opportunities being missed?
Kids Count state-level data online
SREB states lead the nation in Advanced Placement and International Baccalaureate Programs
The narrowing gap in New York City teacher qualifications and its implications for student achievement in high-poverty schools
Afterschool programs as an oasis of hope for black parents in four cities
New kids on the block: Results from the Moving to Opportunity experiment
2005-2006 Alabama Board of Education report card: A state summary
Education watch Alabama: Key education facts and figures 2004
The High Schools Hispanics Attend: Size and Other Key Characteristics
Update: State policies regarding in-state tuition for undocumented students
Access to college: The role of tuition, financial aid, scholastic preparation and college supply in public college enrollments
The Chafee Educational and Training Voucher (ETV) program: Six states experiences
Baltimore city's high school reform initiative: Schools, students, and outcomes
Economic mobility: Is the American Dream alive and well?
Graduation rate watch: Making minority student success a priority
Race, schools, and neighborhoods: Reducing barriers to achievement
New England Journal of Higher Education
A profile of the Ronald McNair postbaccalaureate achievement program: 1999-2000
Helping low-wage workers persist in education programs
Cities in crisis: A special analytic report on high school graduation
Course-taking patterns and preparation for postsecondary education in California's public university systems among minority youth
Closing the gap in science achievement: Using NAEP science assessment scores to analyze state trends
Beyond access: Explaining socioeconomic differences in college transfer
Out before the game begins: Hispanic leaders talk about what's needed to bring more Hispanic youngsters into science, technology and math professions
Tuition equity legislation: Investing in Colorado high school graduates through equal opportunity to postsecondary education
2007-08 National postsecondary student aid study (NPSAS:08): Student financial aid estimates for 2007-08
State policies to bring adult learning into focus
Achivement and attainment in Chicago charter schools
Examining gaps in mathematics achievement among racial-ethnic groups, 1972-1992
Early intervention programs: Opening the doors to higher education
Higher education: Tuition continues to rise, but patterns vary by institution type, enrollment, and educational expenditures
Federal education budget project
Research brief: Practices that support data use in urban high schools
A Better Chance.org
Economic mobility project
Community college fast facts
Voces (Voices): A profile of today's Latino college students
College affordability for students from low and lower-middle income families
Education watch Texas: Key education facts and figures 2004
Education watch Texas: Key education facts and figures 2006
Education watch California: Key facts and figures
Enlace: Engaging Latino communities for education
Initiative on Educational Excellence for Hispanic Americans Website and Secondary School Toolkit - Spanish Version
After Michigan, what? Next steps for affirmative action
Educational vouchers for universal preschools
Successful bilingual schools: Six effective programs in California
Diversity and persistence in Indiana higher education: The impact of preparation, major choices, and financial aid
School context, student attitudes and behavior, and student achievement: An exploratory analysis
Locked up and locked out: An educational perspective on the U.S. prison pipeline
The seventh generation: Native students speak about finding the good path
Access for all? Debating in-state tuition for undocumented alien students
All students reaching the top: Strategies for closing academic achievement gaps
The school to college transition: Challenges and prospects
Getting through college: Voices of low-income and minority students in New England
Missed opportunities: A new look at disadvantaged college aspirants
The access challenge: Rethinking the causes of the new inequality
On course for success: A close look at high school courses that prepare students for college
High school graduation rates by race/ethnicity, limited English proficiency, free and reduced price lunch
College knowledge: What Latino parents need to know and why they don't know it
Under-prepared community college students: Implications of attitudinal and experiential differences
Education Trust, Inc
Confronting the graduation rate crisis in the south
Achievement in America
A new core curriculum for all: Aiming high for other peoples' children
Pathways to a four-year degree: Determinants of transfer and degree completion
Easy money: How congress could increase federal student aid funding at no additional cost to taxpayers
Vital voices: Building constituencies for public school reform
Pathways to and through college: Linking policy with research and practice
Teens and technology: Youth are leading the transition to a fully wired and mobile nation
Foundation for excellent schools
Economic diversity of colleges: College-level data for researchers and the public
Helping children move from bad schools to good ones
Best practice: Indiana University Bloomington groups program
Increasing the college preparedness of at-risk students
Educational needs index state report: Indiana
Education pays update 2005
It's kind of different: Student experiences in two early college high schools
Promoting a systematic focus on learning supports to address barriers to learning and teaching
Career academies: Impacts on labor market outcomes and educational attainment
Lottery funded merit scholarships: Some lessons from the Florida Bright Futures Scholarship program
Indiana's 2006 graduation rate
An exploration of what we know about the formation and impact of perceptions of college prices, student aid, and the affordability of college-going and a prospectus for future research
Dropout rates in the United States: 2004
Learning in a new key
The Breakthrough High School project
Colorado Reports
Evaluation of new century high schools: Profile of an initiative to create and sustain small, successful high schools
Education longitudinal study of 2002 (ELS:2002): A first look at the initial postsecondary experiences of the high school Sophomore class of 2002
Unmasking the effects of student engagement on college grades and persistence
Head Start participants, programs, families, and staff in 2005
Alfred P. Sloan Foundation graduate scholarship program
Closing the gaps by 2015: The Texas higher education plan
College access for the working poor: Overcoming burdens to succeed in higher education
Women reap more benefits from higher education, study finds
Returning to our roots: Student access
Low income student scholarships
2007 Status report on the Pell Grant program
Transitioning out of high school: A quick stats fact sheet
Condition of education 2008
National Action Council for Minorities in Engineering (NACME) Scholarships
Ron Brown Scholar Program
In-state tuition for undocumented immigrants
Best practices in recruiting and retaining minority graduate students
Ronald E. McNair Postbaccaluareate Achievement Program: 2002-05 facts and figures at a glance
On ramp to college: A state policymaker's guide to dual enrollment
Denied: Community college students lack access to affordable loans
McNair scholar handbook
Turning around chronically low-performing schools
The impact of increases in Pell Grant awards on college-going among lower income youth: Results from a natural experiment
Squeeze play 2009: The public's view on college costs today
Counting on graduation: An agenda for state leadership
Starting right: A first look at engaging entering students
Back to basics: Improving college readiness of community college students
Drowning in debt: The emerging student loan crisis
Student Aid Simplification: Looking Back and Looking Ahead
Completing College: Assessing Graduation Rates at Four Year Colleges
ETS Policy Notes: Adult education in America
School funding's tragic flaw
Putting money on the table: Information, financial aid, and access to college
National evaluation of GEAR UP: A summary of the first two years
National study of student support services. Third-year longitudinal study results and program implementation study update
The impacts of regular Upward Bound: Results from the third follow-up data collection
Transitional jobs for ex-prisoners: Early impacts from a random assignment evaluation of the Center for Employment Opportunities (CEO) Prisoner Reentry Program
Transition matters: Community college to bachelor's degree
Transitions to adulthood for homeless adolescents: Education and public policy
Engaged for success: Service-learning as a tool for high school dropout prevention
The Paul & Daisy Soros Fellowships for New Americans
High school dropout: A quick stats fact sheet
2006-2007 National directory of scholarships, internships, and fellowships for Latino youth
Orphan Foundation of America
Starfish Initiative: Mentoring application
School strategies and the "college linking" process: Reconsidering the effects of high schools on college enrollment
Overcoming obstacles, optimizing opportunities: State policies to increase postsecondary attainment for low-skilled adults
Beating the odds: The real challenges behind the math achievement gap - and what high-achieving schools can teach us about how to close it
Reaching higher with affordability (working paper)
Setting students' sights on college: Chicago public schools
Institutional Student Profiles Fall 2006 for the State of Alabama
From cradle to career: Connecting American education from birth through adulthood; California state report
Helping Teens Succeed
Initiative on Educational Excellence for Hispanic Americans Website and Secondary School Toolkit - English
Child care assistance in 2004: States have fewer funds for child care
Community colleges and rural America: Progress and prospects
Using socioeconomic diversity to improve school outcomes
Student debt and the class of 2006
Teacher credentials and student achivement in high school: A cross-subject analysis with student fixed effects
Educational programs and projects that address the needs of low-income students
Student charges and financial aid: 2006-07
American Indian higher education consortium
High hopes, big debts
Center for Student Opportunity
State of decline? Gaps in college access and achievement call for renewed commitment to educating Californians
Accelerated learning options: A promising strategy for states
Engines of inequality: Diminishing equity in the nation's premier public universities
Catching the Dream
Hispanic Scholarship Fund
Destination university: A guide to college for students and their families (Spanish Version)
Higher education, higher cost and higher debt: Paying for college in the future
Voices in urban education
Making opportunity affordable: Reinvesting in college access and success
Transfer access to elite colleges and universities in the United States: Threading the needle of the American dream
Profile of undergraduates in U.S. postsecondary education institutions: 2003-04, With a special analysis of community college students
A whole 'nother world: Students navigating community college
Building bridges to college and careers: Contextualized basic skills programs at community colleges
The alternative pathways project: A framework for dropout reduction and recovery
Charter high schools: Closing the achievement gap
School readiness: Closing racial and ethnic gaps
Economic diversity on campus
Increasing success for underserved students: Redesigning introductory courses
State higher education finance: FY 2004
The power to change: High schools that help all students achieve
Gaining traction, gaining ground: How some high schools accelerate learning for struggling students
The state of college affordability in Indiana
The challenge of scaling up educational reform: Findings and lesson from First Things First
Project GRAD
Minority teacher/special education services scholarship
A summary of career beginnings impact evaluation: Findings from a program for disadvantaged high school students
Mentoring high-school Latino students: Realism versus false hope
Add and subtract: Dual enrollment as a state strategy to increase postsecondary success for underrepresented students
How Latino students pay for college: Patterns of financial aid in 2003-04
A step toward college success: Assessing attainment among Indiana's Twenty-first Century Scholars
The link between high school reform and college access and success for low-income and minority youth
Improving college access for minority, low-income, and first-generation students
Knocking at the college door: Projections of high school graduates by state, income, and race/ethnicity
Locating the dropout crisis: Which high schools produce the nation’s dropouts? Where are they located? Who attends them
Socioeconomic status, race/ethnicity, and selective college admissions
Challenging the myths: Rethinking the role of school counselors
Pathways to a four-year degree: The higher education story of one generation